Sputnik

sputnik

What is Sputnik 1 called today?

Sputnik 1 (/ˈspʌtnɪk/; Russian: Спутник-1 Satellite-1, or ПС-1 [PS-1, i.e., Russian: Простейший Спутник-1, Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, Elementary Satellite 1]) was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957.

What was the impact of Sputnik on the world?

The success of Sputnik 1 seemed to have changed minds around the world regarding a shift in power to the Soviets. The USSRs launch of Sputnik 1 spurred the United States to create the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA, later DARPA) in February 1958 to regain a technological lead.

Where can I find media related to Sputnik-1?

Eisenhowers Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World Prestige. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-6793-6. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sputnik-1. A film clip New Moon. Reds Launch First Space Satellite, 1957/10/07 (1957) is available at the Internet Archive

What is the speed of Sputnik?

Sputnik 1 was launched during the International Geophysical Year from Site No.1/5, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR (now known as the Baikonur Cosmodrome). The satellite travelled at about 29,000 kilometres per hour (18,000 mph; 8,100 m/s), taking 96.2 minutes to complete each orbit.

What is the abbreviation for Sputnik?

Sputnik 2 →. Sputnik 1 (/ˈspʊtnɪk/ or /ˈspʌtnɪk/; Satellite-1, or PS-1, Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, Elementary Satellite 1) was the first artificial Earth satellite.

What happened to Sputnik when it was launched?

After about three months, Sputnik fell into the Earth’s atmosphere and burned up. Sputnik’s official designation was “PS-1” or “Elementary Satellite 1” in Russian. The satellite was launched from what is now called the Baikonur Cosmodrome on Oct. 4, 1957.

What was the original name of the Russian satellite Sputnik?

Sputnik’s official designation was “PS-1” or “Elementary Satellite 1” in Russian. The satellite was launched from what is now called the Baikonur Cosmodrome on Oct. 4, 1957.

What was the size of Sputnik?

Sputnik 1 was simple in design, having a spherical shape 58 cm in diameter, but traveled about 18,000 mph for three months around the Earth. Without the launch of Sputnik 1, many technological advancements that rely on satellites today would not be possible. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.

What is Sputnik 1 called today?

Sputnik 1 (/ˈspʌtnɪk/; Russian: Спутник-1 Satellite-1, or ПС-1 [PS-1, i.e., Russian: Простейший Спутник-1, Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, Elementary Satellite 1]) was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957.

How did the British media react to Sputnik?

The USSRs launch of Sputnik 1 spurred the United States to create the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA, later DARPA) in February 1958 to regain a technological lead. In Britain the media and population initially reacted with a mixture of fear for the future, but also amazement about humankinds progress.

How far did Sputnik travel around the Earth?

Sputnik 1 eventually settled into an elliptical orbit, which took the satellite as close to Earths surface as 142 miles (228 kilometers) and as far away as 588 miles (947 km). The satellite zipped around Earth every 96 minutes. Sputnik 1 was powered by three silver-zinc batteries, which were designed to operate for two weeks.

How many Sputnik replicas have been deployed from Mir?

Three one-third scale student-built replicas of Sputnik 1 were deployed from the Mir space station between 1997 and 1999. The first, named Sputnik 40 to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of the launch of Sputnik 1, was deployed in November 1997. Sputnik 41 was launched a year later, and Sputnik 99 was deployed in February 1999.

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