Pantanal online

pantanal online

Where is the Pantanal located?

The Pantanal ( Portuguese pronunciation: [pɐ̃taˈnaw]) is a natural region encompassing the worlds largest tropical wetland area, and the worlds largest flooded grasslands. It is located mostly within the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, but it extends into Mato Grosso and portions of Bolivia and Paraguay.

What makes the Pantanal so special?

Roughly 80% of the Pantanal floodplains are submerged during the rainy seasons, nurturing a biologically diverse collection of aquatic plants and helping to support a dense array of animal species.

Is the Pantanal a natural water treatment system?

The Pantanal is a natural water treatment system as it removes chemicals, including pollutants, from water. Overpollution from industrial development (especially gold mining) can harm native flora and fauna. However, water quality in the Pantanal was not significantly degraded as of 2002.

What is the water level in the Pantanal?

In the Paraguay River portion of the Pantanal, water levels rise between two meters to five meters seasonally; water fluctuations in other parts of the Pantanal are less than this. Flood waters tend to flow slowly (2 to 10 cm (0.79 to 3.94 in) per second) due to the low gradients and high resistance offered by the dense vegetation.

What is the Pantanal?

The Pantanal is an enormous internal delta (alluvial plain) of merging rivers in the northern reaches of the Rio de la Plata Basin. Mainly found in southwest-central Brazil through the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, it also covers small sections of southeast Bolivia and northeast Paraguay.

What are the major ecosystems in the Pantanal?

The natural region is surrounded by a number of ecosystems, including: dry forests, tropical savannas, and arid plains. Dry forests are located in the northwest, west, and southwest, while arid plains lie to the north, east, and southeast. Tropical savannas make up the southern border of the Pantanal.

Why is the Pantanal the largest wetland in history?

During the wet season, when these surrounding areas are also flooded, the Pantanal reaches such a size that it becomes the largest wetland in recorded history.

What are the characteristics of Pantanal lowlands?

The Pantanal lowlands can be categorized into the wetland category, although the bordering areas consist mainly of grasslands and tropical forests. During the wet season, when these surrounding areas are also flooded, the Pantanal reaches such a size that it becomes the largest wetland in recorded history.

What is the Pantanal wetland?

1 The area of the Pantanal is the largest tropical wetland on Earth. 2 During the wettest part of the year, when the area experiences the most precipitation, the Pantanal wetland and basin... 3 The Pantal is home to 9,000 invertebrate species, 159 mammal species, 53 types of amphibians, 480 reptile species, 400... More ...

Why is the Pantanal so important to the environment?

In addition to being an environmental jewel, the Pantanal is also a tremendous resource for people, says Lucy Aquino, director of WWF-Paraguay: “The Pantanal is one of the most important regions in the world, in terms of services provided to humanity, and one of those regions that supplies food to the world.”

What is the hydrographic network of the Pantanal?

The hydrographic network permits the migration of species between the river basins forming the Pantanal, where a vast diversity of fish transit during their initial growing stage. These water courses also play a central role in diversing nutrients to the entire basin.

Are the Pantanal’s waterways in danger?

But the Pantanal’s waterways – essential to all life in the region - are threatened by deforestation, soil erosion from expanding industrial agriculture, and infrastructure projects.

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