Gorbachev

gorbachev

What is the other name of Mikhail Gorbachev?

Alternative Title: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev. Mikhail Gorbachev, in full Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, (born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol kray, Russia, U.S.S.R.), Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1985 to 1991 and president of the Soviet Union in 1990–91.

What did Mikhail Gorbachev do to end communism?

His efforts to democratize his country’s political system and decentralize its economy led to the downfall of communism and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. In part because he ended the Soviet Union’s postwar domination of eastern Europe, Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1990.

What did Gorbachev do in 1961?

In 1961, Gorbachev played host to the Italian delegation for the World Youth Festival in Moscow; that October, he also attended the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Who is the director of Dear Gorbachev?

Caro Gorbaciov (internationally released as Dear Gorbachev) is a 1988 Italian drama film directed by Carlo Lizzani. It entered the main competition at the 45th Venice International Film Festival, in which it won the President of the Italian Senates Gold Medal.

Who was Mikhail Gorbachev Quizlet?

Top Questions. Mikhail Gorbachev was a Soviet politician. Gorbachev served as the last general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985–91) as well as the last president of the Soviet Union (1990–91). Both as general secretary and as president, Gorbachev supported democratic reforms.

What is Mikhail Gorbachevs real name?

In this Eastern Slavic naming convention, the patronymic is Sergeyevich and the family name is Gorbachev. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician. The eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, he was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991.

What is the origin of the name Gorbachev?

This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Sergeyevich and the family name is Gorbachev. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev ( Russian: Михаи́л Серге́евич Горбачёв; born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.

Where did Mikhail Gorbachev live as a child?

Gorbachev was born on 2 March 1931 in Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, into a mixed Russian-Ukrainian family of migrants from Voronezh and Chernigov Governorates. As a child, Gorbachev experienced the Soviet famine of 1932–1933.

What did Gorbachev do during the fall of the Soviet Union?

General secretary of the CPSU: perestroika to the fall of the Soviet Union. But, in part because his economic reforms were being obstructed by the Communist Party, Gorbachev tried to restructure the government’s legislative and executive branches in order to release them from the grip of the CPSU.

Who was Mikhail Gorbachev?

Nobel Peace Prize winner for his assistance in the breakup of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Mikhail Gorbachev was the first President of the Soviet Union from 1990-1991. A man with innovative and progressive ideas, Mikhail Gorbachev shocked the hardline communists with his reform programs.

What did Mikhail Gorbachev want from perestroika?

He supported greater freedom of speech and wanted communist politicians to take criticism on board, look to make changes and stamp out corruption. Perestroika was an attempt to modernise and ‘rebuild’ the Soviet state. Gorbachev realised military spending had to be reduced and this meant ending the arms race with the USA.

What did Gorbachev do in Madrid in October 1988?

On 30 October, Gorbachev attended a conference in Madrid trying to revive the Israeli–Palestinian peace process. The event was co-sponsored by the U.S. and Soviet Union, one of the first examples of such cooperation between the two countries. There, he again met with Bush.

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