Endosul

endosul

What is endo endosulfan?

Endosulfan is an off- patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out globally. The two isomers, endo and exo, are known popularly as I and II.

What is intraocular endosol extra used for?

Intraocular ophthalmic (inside the eye) irrigation is a sterile cleansing solution. Intraocular Endosol Extra is used to maintain the natural condition of the eye during a surgical procedure such as cataract surgery. Intraocular Endosol Extra may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

How toxic is endosulfan to fish?

In contrast, toxicity of diet-borne endosulfan shows high variability among fish species. Endosulfan is a chloride channel antagonist and inhibits calcium and magnesium ATPase, which are enzymes involved in the transfer of nerve impulses. The kidney is the target organ for toxicity.

Why is endosulfan being phased out?

Endosulfan is an off- patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out globally. It became a highly controversial agrichemical due to its acute toxicity, potential for bioaccumulation, and role as an endocrine disruptor.

What is endosulfan and why is it bad?

Endosulfan is a relatively persistent, semivolatile compound that has been detected in soil, sediment, and water, even in areas where it is not used. Endosulfan is degraded readily by soil microorganisms. The rate of degradation depends mainly on soil type, pH, microbiological activity, and temperature.

What is endosulfan&how is it used?

What is Endosulfan? Endosulfan is an organochlorine insecticide — a Persistent Organic Pollutant. It is primarily used as an insecticide in agriculture & it is also used as a wood preservative. India was one of the biggest producers & consumers of endosulfan.

Where does endosulfan come from?

For example, a 2008 report by the National Park Service found that endosulfan commonly contaminates air, water, plants, and fish of national parks in the US. Most of these parks are far from areas where endosulfan is used. Endosulfan has been found in remote locations such as the Arctic Ocean, as well as in the Antarctic atmosphere.

What is the difference between α and β endosulfan?

Technical endosulfan is a 7:3 mixture of stereoisomers, designated α and β. α- and β-Endosulfan are configurational isomers arising from the pyramidal stereochemistry of the teravalent sulfur. α-Endosulfan is the more thermodynamically stable of the two, thus β-endosulfan irreversibly converts to the α form, although the conversion is slow.

What is intraocular Balanced Salt Solution? Intraocular ophthalmic (inside the eye) irrigation is a sterile cleansing solution. Intraocular Balanced Salt Solution is used to maintain the natural condition of the eye during a surgical procedure such as cataract surgery.

What is intraocular BSS used for?

Is endosulfan toxic to humans?

Endosulfan is acutely neurotoxic to both insects and mammals, including humans. The US EPA classifies it as Category I: Highly Acutely Toxic based on a LD 50 value of 30 mg/kg for female rats, while the World Health Organization classifies it as Class II Moderately Hazardous based on a rat LD 50 of 80 mg/kg.

How long does endosulfan stay in fish tissue?

The soluble forms of endosulfan disappear from water bodies in a few weeks (Peterson & Batley 1991). Endosulfan can persist in fish tissue longer than in water but is readily excreted, and in wild fish in the NSW cotton areas it did not accumulate from one season to the next (Nowak & Julli 1991).

Does endosulfan adsorb suspended matter?

Suspended matter: Endosulfan is known to adsorb to particulate matter, which is particularly significant in the turbid rivers and billabongs in the cotton growing areas. Most of the studies have focussed on the effects of suspended material on acute toxicity of endosulfan and not on the effects at low concentrations of endosulfan.

Where does endosulfan come from?

For example, a 2008 report by the National Park Service found that endosulfan commonly contaminates air, water, plants, and fish of national parks in the US. Most of these parks are far from areas where endosulfan is used. Endosulfan has been found in remote locations such as the Arctic Ocean, as well as in the Antarctic atmosphere.

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