Papua new guinea

papua new guinea

Where is Papua New Guinea located?

At 462,840 km 2 (178,704 sq mi), Papua New Guinea is the worlds 54th largest country and the 3rd largest island country. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasian realm, which also includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

What is the capital of New Guinea?

Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is the worlds 3rd largest island country with 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi).

What is the origin of the word papua?

The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. New Guinea (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez. In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa.

What is Papua New Guinea known for?

Papua New Guinea is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Pacific Community, Pacific Islands Forum, and the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) of countries. It was accorded observer status within ASEAN in 1976, followed later by special observer status in 1981.

Is Papua New Guinea a country?

Papua New Guinea is a megadiverse country . Many of the other islands within PNG territory, including New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville, the Admiralty Islands, the Trobriand Islands, and the Louisiade Archipelago, were never linked to New Guinea by land bridges.

Where are the other islands of Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guineas other islands include New Ireland, New Britain, Bougainville, and Manus Island. Once controlled by Australia, Papua New Guinea is just 150 kilometers across the Torres Strait from Australia (at Cape York, the northernmost point in Australia).

What is the capital of New Guinea?

Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is the worlds 3rd largest island country with 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi).

What is the ecozone of Papua New Guinea?

Ecology. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasia ecozone, which also includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu . Geologically, the island of New Guinea is a northern extension of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate,...

What is the origin of the word Papuan?

Papuan (n.) 1814 in reference to the race that inhabits New Guinea (the large island north of Australia); earlier simply Papua (1610s), from Malay (Austronesian) papuah frizzled. As an adjective by 1869.

What is the meaning of Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guinea. Gulf of, an inlet of the Coral Sea on the SE coast of New Guinea. the W part of the island of New Guinea: formerly under Dutch rule, becoming a province of Indonesia in 1963.

Where is Papua located?

Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea. Papua is bordered by the nation of Papua New Guinea to the east, and by West Papua province to the west. Since 2002, Papua province has special autonomy status, making it a special region.

Is West Papua the same as West Papua?

The other Indonesian province that shares New Guinea, West Irian Jaya, has been officially renamed as West Papua, or Papua Barat. The entire western New Guinea is often referred to as West Papua internationally – especially among networks of international solidarity with the West Papuan independence movement.

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